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How to Raise Redworms and Easily Create Your Own Castings!

At a presentation I gave recently, one of the club members took great notes. I thought I would share her notes here. Very useful, as they condensed an hour presentation into an easy to read outline.

Worm Castings – Natures Finest Soil Amendment

Red Wigglers are eating machines, and their deposits (Worm Castings) make an incredibly microbiologically rich compost. Loaded with beneficial bacteria, all natural, non-burning, and odor-free, Worm Poop is truly a miracle of nature.

“When done right, raising worms takes only a few minutes a week, and very little space”, said Jerry Gach, our March speaker. “The biggest mistakes people make are overwatering, and overfeeding, reducing air flow throughout the worm bin”.

Gach outlined several simple steps to composting with worms.

Drill several holes in your worm bin to allow for air flow, then drill a hole in the bottom of the bin for drainage.

Keep the bin out of direct sunlight at all times.

Create worm bedding by soaking 1 inch strips of newspaper (Lots and lots of newspaper) in water for 24 hours. Then wring it out and fluff it up to about a depth of 6″-10″ in your bin.

Add your worms, keeping a light above them for 24-48 hours to get them to burrow into their new bedding.

Bury a handful of produce scraps into the bottom corner of the bedding, making sure to cover the scraps completely with bedding. Let the worms come to the scraps.

Add food when the existing food has been eaten, and add water as needed using only a mister.

Harvest the castings when they look rich and black, and the original bedding is no longer recognizable (Usually in 60-90 days).

To harvest, simply dump the processed bedding (Complete with worms) on a tarp outside. Make some piles and allow the worms an hour or so to make their way to the bottom of each pile, as worms will always slither away from light. Retreive the worms from the bottom of each pile, and place the worms in some fresh bedding with fresh food to start the process again.

Want Healthier, larger plants? Raise some worms!

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2 Responses to “ How to Raise Redworms and Easily Create Your Own Castings! ”

  1. Cheryl Says:

    Hi. I’ve wondered what a pound of red wigglers look like. If you were holding a pound of worms in your hand, how would they compare to the size of a baseball? Or, if you were to put just the worms into an 8-ounce cup, would you need two? 16 oz = 1 lb? Curious minds want to know.


  2. admin Says:

    Hi Cheryl,

    You asked an important question. A pound of Red Wiggler Meat is about the size of an average adult male’s fist. It’s important to realize this concept, because you don’t want to be feeding a basketball sized amount of food to a fist sized amount of worms! Sounds silly, but people do it unknowingly. Overfeeding your worms is the #1 way to kill all your worms, plus create a stinky bin, plus create an insect problem. None of these scenarios is pleasant.

    To feed a pound of worms, bury a pound of produce scraps in the corner of your bin and completely cover with damp bedding. When the food is eaten, you can then feed again. This is my recommendation to avoid problems with your worm bin.

    Worms are sold by weight. Liquid measure (Cups) is volume. The two measurements do not equivalize. You can probably fit a pound of worms in an 8 ounce cup due to the dense weight of the worms.

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